Motorcycle Fatality Facts - Insurance Institute for...

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Motorcycles and ATVs | 2015

2015

ALL FATALITY FACTS TOPICS

Motorcycles are less stable and less visible than cars and often have high performance capabilities. When motorcycles crash, their riders lack the protection of an enclosed vehicle, so they're more likely to be injured or killed. The federal government estimates that per mile traveled in 2014, the number of deaths on motorcycles was over 27 times the number in cars. 1

Because serious head injury is common among fatally injured motorcyclists, helmet use is important. Helmets are about 37 percent effective in preventing motorcycle deaths 2 and about 67 percent effective in preventing brain injuries. 3 Yet only 19 states and the District of Columbia mandate helmet use by all riders. 

All-terrain vehicles (ATVs) are not designed for on-highway use, but in recent years more than 300 riders died in crashes on public roads annually.  

The following facts are based on analysis of data from the U.S. Department of Transportation's Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS).

Posted November 2016.

Data subsections:

Trends Age and gender Helmet use Motorcycle type and engine size When and where they died Alcohol involvement ATVs

Trends

A total of 4,693 motorcyclists died in crashes in 2015. Motorcyclist deaths had been declining since the early 1980s but began to increase in 1998 and continued to increase through 2008. Motorcycle deaths accounted for 13 percent of all motor vehicle crash deaths in 2015 and were more than double the number of motorcyclist deaths in 1997. 

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths and motorcyclist deaths, 1975-2015

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths

Motorcyclist deaths

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

2015

0

10,000

20,000

30,000

40,000

Passenger vehicle occupant and motorcyclist deaths as a percentage of all motor vehicle crash deaths, 1975-2015

Year Passenger vehicle occupant deaths Motorcyclist deaths All motor vehicle deaths

Number % Number % Number %

1975 30,601 69 3,106 7 44,525 100

1976 31,724 70 3,232 7 45,523 100

1977 32,823 69 4,004 8 47,878 100

1978 34,923 69 4,448 9 50,331 100

1979 35,026 69 4,712 9 51,093 100

1980 34,996 68 4,955 10 51,091 100

1981 33,711 68 4,737 10 49,301 100

1982 29,656 67 4,267 10 43,945 100

1983 29,154 68 4,099 10 42,589 100

1984 30,094 68 4,425 10 44,257 100

1985 29,848 68 4,415 10 43,825 100

1986 32,224 70 4,309 9 46,087 100

1987 33,145 71 3,832 8 46,390 100

1988 34,105 72 3,491 7 47,087 100

1989 33,599 74 3,030 7 45,582 100

1990 32,711 73 3,128 7 44,599 100

1991 30,810 74 2,702 7 41,508 100

1992 29,457 75 2,291 6 39,250 100

1993 29,994 75 2,346 6 40,150 100

1994 30,820 76 2,215 5 40,716 100

1995 31,914 76 2,138 5 41,817 100

1996 32,354 77 2,077 5 42,065 100

1997 32,343 77 2,056 5 42,013 100

1998 31,781 77 2,227 5 41,501 100

1999 32,008 77 2,419 6 41,717 100

2000 32,109 77 2,829 7 41,945 100

2001 31,938 76 3,123 7 42,196 100

2002 32,724 76 3,187 7 43,005 100

2003 32,166 75 3,641 8 42,884 100

2004 31,750 74 3,904 9 42,836 100

2005 31,455 72 4,460 10 43,510 100

2006 30,628 72 4,699 11 42,708 100

2007 29,155 71 5,050 12 41,259 100

2008 25,547 68 5,112 14 37,423 100

2009 23,507 69 4,286 13 33,883 100

2010 22,351 68 4,324 13 32,999 100

2011 21,413 66 4,403 14 32,479 100

2012 21,906 65 4,695 14 33,782 100

2013 21,361 65 4,402 13 32,894 100

2014 21,131 65 4,302 13 32,744 100

2015 22,543 64 4,693 13 35,092 100

In 2015, 27 percent of fatally injured motorcycle drivers were operating without a valid driver's license. The rate of unlicensed fatally injured motorcycle drivers during 2015 was higher than the rate of unlicensed fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers (27 percent vs. 15 percent).

Passenger vehicle and motorcycle driver deaths by driver's license status, 2004-2015

Year Passenger vehicle drivers Motorcycle drivers

No valid license Valid license Total* No valid license Valid license Total*

Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %

2006 3,423 16 17,941 83 21,592 100 1,134 26 3,219 73 4,387 100

2007 3,206 16 17,142 83 20,542 100 1,239 26 3,461 73 4,740 100

2008 2,702 15 15,399 84 18,266 100 1,190 25 3,561 74 4,782 100

2009 2,407 14 14,294 85 16,834 100 886 22 3,077 77 3,987 100

2010 2,273 14 13,672 85 16,029 100 874 22 3,127 78 4,022 100

2011 2,254 14 13,225 85 15,561 100 891 22 3,210 78 4,120 100

2012 2,366 15 13,464 85 15,915 100 1,049 24 3,296 75 4,381 100

2013 2,319 15 13,174 85 15,577 100 1,058 26 3,060 74 4,147 100

2014 2,512 16 12,879 83 15,495 100 1,116 28 2,900 72 4,041 100

2015 2,543 15 13,811 84 16,484 100 1,196 27 3,183 72 4,415 100

*Total includes other and/or unknowns

Forty-one percent of motorcyclist deaths in 2015 occurred in single-vehicle crashes, and 59 percent occurred in multiple-vehicle crashes. This has remained largely unchanged since the 1980s.

Motorcyclist deaths by crash type, 1975-2015

Year Single-vehicle Multiple-vehicle All crashes*

Deaths % Deaths % Deaths %

1975 1,137 37 1,963 63 3,106 100

1976 1,235 38 1,981 61 3,232 100

1977 1,564 39 2,424 61 4,004 100

1978 1,701 38 2,726 61 4,448 100

1979 1,888 40 2,811 60 4,712 100

1980 2,034 41 2,897 58 4,955 100

1981 1,926 41 2,789 59 4,737 100

1982 1,804 42 2,463 58 4,267 100

1983 1,787 44 2,312 56 4,099 100

1984 1,879 42 2,546 58 4,425 100

1985 1,889 43 2,526 57 4,415 100

1986 1,835 43 2,474 57 4,309 100

1987 1,603 42 2,229 58 3,832 100

1988 1,466 42 2,025 58 3,491 100

1989 1,348 44 1,682 56 3,030 100

1990 1,380 44 1,748 56 3,128 100

1991 1,215 45 1,487 55 2,702 100

1992 1,054 46 1,237 54 2,291 100

1993 997 42 1,349 58 2,346 100

1994 951 43 1,264 57 2,215 100

1995 900 42 1,238 58 2,138 100

1996 881 42 1,196 58 2,077 100

1997 882 43 1,174 57 2,056 100

1998 993 45 1,234 55 2,227 100

1999 1,084 45 1,335 55 2,419 100

2000 1,253 44 1,576 56 2,829 100

2001 1,402 45 1,721 55 3,123 100

2002 1,475 46 1,712 54 3,187 100

2003 1,555 43 2,086 57 3,641 100

2004 1,718 44 2,186 56 3,904 100

2005 1,940 43 2,515 56 4,460 100

2006 2,049 44 2,644 56 4,699 100

2007 2,224 44 2,824 56 5,050 100

2008 2,331 46 2,777 54 5,112 100

2009 1,920 45 2,364 55 4,286 100

2010 1,958 45 2,366 55 4,324 100

2011 2,010 46 2,393 54 4,403 100

2012 2,029 43 2,666 57 4,695 100

2013 1,835 42 2,567 58 4,402 100

2014 1,799 42 2,503 58 4,302 100

2015 1,906 41 2,787 59 4,693 100

*Total includes other and/or unknowns

Age and gender

In the early 1980s the proportion of fatally injured motorcyclists who were 50 and older started to increase, rising from 3 percent of all rider deaths in 1982 to 13 percent in 1997 and 35 percent in 2015. In contrast, 30 percent of the fatally injured motorcyclists in 2015 were younger than 30, compared with 80 percent in 1975. 

Percentage of motorcyclist deaths by age, 1975-2015

≤29 years

30-39 years

40-49 years

≥50 years

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

2015

0%

20%

40%

60%

80%

100%

Motorcyclist deaths by age, 1975-2015

Year ≤29 years 30-39 years 40-49 years ≥50 years Total*

Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %

1975 2,475 80 419 13 129 4 79 3 3,106 100

1976 2,565 79 426 13 142 4 97 3 3,232 100

1977 3,211 80 529 13 147 4 112 3 4,004 100

1978 3,557 80 603 14 177 4 104 2 4,448 100

1979 3,627 77 729 15 212 4 138 3 4,712 100

1980 3,641 73 896 18 265 5 149 3 4,955 100

1981 3,487 74 840 18 255 5 146 3 4,737 100

1982 3,082 72 790 19 247 6 138 3 4,267 100

1983 2,959 72 765 19 234 6 135 3 4,099 100

1984 3,171 72 813 18 263 6 165 4 4,425 100

1985 3,160 72 849 19 238 5 163 4 4,415 100

1986 3,034 70 877 20 257 6 131 3 4,309 100

1987 2,588 68 831 22 275 7 138 4 3,832 100

1988 2,309 66 757 22 278 8 146 4 3,491 100

1989 1,873 62 735 24 283 9 136 4 3,030 100

1990 1,885 60 805 26 265 8 173 6 3,128 100

1991 1,580 58 711 26 283 10 127 5 2,702 100

1992 1,242 54 638 28 268 12 143 6 2,291 100

1993 1,229 52 647 28 324 14 145 6 2,346 100

1994 1,121 51 584 26 338 15 171 8 2,215 100

1995 1,057 49 562 26 347 16 172 8 2,138 100

1996 932 45 541 26 408 20 196 9 2,077 100

1997 837 41 547 27 396 19 276 13 2,056 100

1998 897 40 599 27 465 21 265 12 2,227 100

1999 878 36 601 25 564 23 376 16 2,419 100

2000 986 35 696 25 666 24 476 17 2,829 100

2001 1,108 35 789 25 715 23 509 16 3,123 100

2002 1,022 32 767 24 758 24 638 20 3,187 100

2003 1,161 32 829 23 887 24 763 21 3,641 100

2004 1,256 32 853 22 946 24 849 22 3,904 100

2005 1,405 32 963 22 1,003 22 1,088 24 4,460 100

2006 1,495 32 984 21 1,085 23 1,134 24 4,699 100

2007 1,547 31 1,033 20 1,148 23 1,317 26 5,050 100

2008 1,580 31 964 19 1,135 22 1,431 28 5,112 100

2009 1,139 27 830 19 983 23 1,332 31 4,286 100

2010 1,121 26 787 18 968 22 1,447 33 4,324 100

2011 1,177 27 800 18 888 20 1,537 35 4,403 100

2012 1,219 26 883 19 930 20 1,662 35 4,695 100

2013 1,206 27 774 18 907 21 1,515 34 4,402 100

2014 1,276 30 725 17 747 17 1,553 36 4,302 100

2015 1,387 30 809 17 834 18 1,661 35 4,693 100

*Total includes other and/or unknowns

Ninety-one percent of motorcyclists killed in 2015 were males.

Motorcyclist deaths by age and gender, 2015

Age Male Female Total*

Number % Number % Number %

16 6 60 4 40 10 100

16-19 118 90 13 10 131 100

20-24 578 94 39 6 618 100

25-29 579 92 49 8 628 100

30-34 393 93 30 7 423 100

35-39 352 91 34 9 386 100

40-44 334 88 46 12 380 100

45-49 399 88 55 12 454 100

50-54 445 87 68 13 513 100

55-59 432 89 52 11 484 100

60-69 482 93 39 7 521 100

≥70 139 97 4 3 143 100

Total* 4,259 91 433 9 4,693 100

*Total includes other and/or unknowns

Sixty-one percent of the female motorcyclists who died in crashes in 2015 were passengers, and their deaths represented 95 percent of the passenger deaths. The vast majority of male motorcyclists who died were drivers.

Motorcyclist deaths by person type and gender, 2015

Person type Male Female

Number % Number %

Driver 4,244 100 170 39

Passenger 13 1 262 61

Total* 4,259 100 433 100

*Total includes other and/or unknowns

Helmet use

In 2015, 61 percent of fatally injured motorcycle drivers were helmeted. Helmet use was lower, at 47 percent, for people killed as passengers on motorcycles.

Helmet use of fatally injured motorcycle drivers and passengers, 2015

Helmet No helmet Unknown Total

Number % Number % Number % Number %

Driver 2,677 61 1,630 37 108 2 4,415 100

Passenger 130 47 139 51 6 2 275 100

Total* 2,809 60 1,769 38 115 2 4,693 100

*Total includes other and/or unknowns

In 2015, 92 percent of fatally injured motorcyclists were helmeted in states with helmet laws that cover all riders, in contrast to only 27 percent in states with no helmet law. In states with helmet laws that cover only some riders, 41 percent of fatally injured motorcyclists were helmeted.

Helmet use of fatally injured motorcyclists by helmet law status, 2015

Helmet No helmet Unknown Total

Number % Number % Number % Number %

No law 58 27 148 71 3 1 209 100

Partial law 1,124 41 1,500 56 77 3 2,701 100

Universal law 1,627 92 121 7 35 2 1,783 100

Total 2,809 60 1,769 38 115 2 4,693 100

Motorcycle type and engine size

Engine sizes of motorcycles whose drivers were killed in crashes have gone up dramatically. Among motorcycle drivers killed in 2015, 31 percent drove motorcycles with engine sizes larger than 1,400 cc, compared with 9 percent in 2000 and less than 1 percent in 1990.

Percentage of motorcycle driver deaths by motorcycle engine size, 1985-2015

0-1,000 cc

1,001-1,400 cc

>1,400 cc

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

2015

0%

20%

40%

60%

80%

Motorcycle driver deaths by motorcycle engine size, 1985-2015

Year 0-1,000 cc 1,001-1,400 cc >1,400 cc Total*

Number % Number % Number % Number

1985 2,649 68 613 16 0 0 3,896

1986 2,734 72 620 16 0 0 3,790

1987 2,441 72 601 18 0 0 3,409

1988 2,149 68 615 20 6 1 3,139

1989 1,831 68 539 20 3 1 2,682

1990 1,895 68 619 22 5 1 2,790

1991 1,632 68 545 23 13 1 2,404

1992 1,351 65 517 25 7 1 2,079

1993 1,330 63 582 27 11 1 2,120

1994 1,199 60 533 27 15 1 1,995

1995 1,174 61 564 29 22 1 1,939

1996 1,102 59 546 29 36 2 1,881

1997 1,053 56 612 33 33 2 1,878

1998 1,140 56 648 32 46 2 2,026

1999 1,073 48 644 29 98 4 2,223

2000 1,341 52 779 30 234 9 2,591

2001 1,540 53 780 27 309 11 2,886

2002 1,475 50 737 25 482 16 2,952

2003 1,620 48 829 25 612 18 3,358

2004 1,775 49 813 23 721 20 3,593

2005 2,069 50 928 22 861 21 4,142

2006 2,179 50 860 20 1,014 23 4,387

2007 2,395 51 917 19 1,117 24 4,740

2008 2,319 48 874 18 1,238 26 4,782

2009 1,805 45 735 18 1,137 29 3,987

2010 1,741 43 731 18 1,178 29 4,022

2011 1,928 47 752 18 1,180 29 4,120

2012 1,978 45 784 18 1,307 30 4,381

2013 1,951 47 692 17 1,276 31 4,126

2014 1,888 47 679 17 1,290 32 4,035

2015 2,065 47 727 16 1,384 31 4,415

*Total includes other and/or unknowns

Among the motorcycles whose drivers were killed in 2015, 88 percent of touring bikes had engines larger than 1,400 cc, while virtually all supersport bikes had engines of sizes 1,000 cc or smaller.

Fatally injured motorcycle drivers by motorcycle type and engine size, 2015

0-1,000 cc 1,001-1,400 cc >1,400 cc Total *

Number % Number % Number % Number %

Cruiser/standard 378 26 417 28 669 45 1,481 100

Touring 6 1 80 10 686 88 780 100

Sport-touring 10 23 32 74 0 0 43 100

Sport/unclad sport 350 67 152 29 12 2 520 100

Supersport 1,115 97 15 1 0 0 1,148 100

Off-road 67 96 0 0 0 0 70 100

Other/unknown 139 37 31 8 17 5 373 100

Total 2,065 47 727 16 1,384 31 4,415 100

*Total includes other and/or unknowns

Among fatally injured motorcycle drivers in 2015, 85 percent of cruiser or standard motorcycle drivers were 30 or older, as were 96 percent of touring bike drivers. In contrast, 57 percent of fatally injured off-road bike drivers and 61 percent of fatally injured supersport drivers in 2015 were younger than 30.

Fatally injured motorcycle drivers by age and motorcycle type, 2015

30 years 30-39 years 40-49 years 50+ years Total *

Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %

Cruiser/standard 221 15 226 15 311 21 722 49 1,481 100

Touring 34 4 63 8 151 19 532 68 780 100

Sport-touring 6 14 3 7 9 21 25 58 43 100

Sport/unclad sport 234 45 122 23 95 18 69 13 520 100

Supersport 699 61 277 24 131 11 41 4 1,148 100

Off-road 40 57 15 21 10 14 4 6 70 100

Other/unknown 77 21 60 16 71 19 165 44 373 100

Total 1,311 30 766 17 778 18 1,558 35 4,415 100

*Total includes other and/or unknowns

At 77 percent, helmet use was highest among fatally injured drivers of supersport motorcycles in 2015. About half of fatally injured drivers of touring motorcycles and of cruisers or standard motorcycles were helmeted.

Helmet use of fatally injured motorcycle drivers by motorcycle type, 2015

Helmet No helmet Unknown Total

Number % Number % Number % Number %

Cruiser/standard 762 52 687 46 32 2 1,481 100

Touring 392 50 366 47 22 2 780 100

Sport-touring 31 72 11 26 1 2 43 100

Sport/unclad sport 387 75 120 23 13 3 520 100

Supersport 891 77 238 21 19 1 1,148 100

Off-road 16 22 52 74 2 2 70 100

Other 104 71 36 25 5 3 145 100

Unknown 94 41 120 53 14 5 228 100

Total 2,677 61 1,630 37 108 2 4,415 100

When and where they died

Sixty percent of motorcyclist deaths in 2015 occurred during May-September. Fatalities peaked in July and were lowest in February.

Motorcyclist deaths by month, 2015

Month Deaths %

January 150 3

February 130 3

March 286 6

April 382 8

May 541 12

June 546 12

July 625 13

August 599 13

September 503 11

October 456 10

November 241 5

December 234 5

Total 4,693 100

Forty-nine percent of motorcyclist deaths in 2015 occurred on weekends, and those deaths were more likely to occur after 6 p.m. compared with weekdays.

Motorcyclist deaths by time of day, 2015

Weekend (6 p.m. Friday - 6 a.m. Monday) Other times Total

Number % Number %

Midnight - 3 a.m. 253 10 141 6 394

3 a.m. - 6 a.m. 89 4 82 4 171

6 a.m. - 9 a.m. 60 3 220 9 280

9 a.m. - noon 198 9 214 9 412

Noon - 3 p.m. 330 15 377 16 707

3 p.m. - 6 p.m. 397 17 580 24 977

6 p.m. - 9 p.m. 569 24 450 19 1,019

9 p.m. - midnight 391 17 314 13 705

Total* 2,299 100 2,394 100 4,693

*Total includes other and/or unknowns

About half (48 percent) of motorcyclist deaths in 2015 occurred on major roads other than interstates and freeways. Deaths were more likely to occur in urban than rural areas (49 percent vs. 41 percent).

Motorcyclist deaths by location of crash, 2015

Road Type Urban Rural Unknown Total

Number % Number % Number % Number %

Interstates and freeways 497 10 117 2 0 1 614 13

Non-interstate major roads 1,276 27 954 20 0 1 2,230 47

Minor roads 510 10 840 17 0 1 1,350 28

Unknown 16 1 4 1 479 10 499 10

Total 2,299 48 1,915 40 479 10 4,693 100

Alcohol involvement

Twenty-eight percent of fatally injured motorcycle drivers in 2015 had a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) at or above 0.08 percent; in single-vehicle crashes this was 42 percent.

Estimated number and percent of fatally injured motorcycle drivers with high BACs by crash type, 2015

Crash type Deaths Estimated deaths with BACs ≥ 0.08 Estimated deaths with BACs ≥ 0.15

Number Number % Number %

Single-vehicle 1,798 753 42 498 28

Multiple-vehicle 2,617 464 18 233 9

All crashes 4,415 1,218 28 731 17

Forty-nine percent of motorcycle drivers killed at night (9 p.m.-6 a.m.) in 2015 had BACs at or above 0.08 percent.

Estimated number and percent of fatally injured motorcycle drivers with high BACs by time of day, 2015

Time of day Deaths Estimated deaths with BACs ≥ 0.08 Estimated deaths with BACs ≥ 0.15

Number Number % Number %

Nighttime (9 p.m. - 6 a.m.) 1,193 590 49 368 31

Other times 3,222 627 19 363 11

Total 4,415 1,218 28 731 17

ATVs

Deaths of ATV riders on public roads have increased more than ninefold since 1982, the first year they were explicitly identified in FARS. The proportion of fatally injured ATV riders who were 40 and older increased from 9 percent in 1982 to 43 percent in 2015. The proportion younger than age 20 decreased from 54 percent in 1982 to 19 percent in 2015. 

Deaths of ATV rider on public roads by age, 1982-2015

Year 13 years 13-19 years 20-29 years 30-39 years 40-49 years 50+ years Total*

Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %

1982 6 17 13 37 7 20 6 17 0 0 3 9 35 100

1983 2 5 18 43 12 29 5 12 2 5 3 7 42 100

1984 4 9 17 36 14 30 6 13 5 11 1 2 47 100

1985 9 20 20 43 12 26 1 2 1 2 3 7 46 100

1986 11 18 20 33 21 34 6 10 1 2 2 3 61 100

1987 12 16 18 24 23 31 10 14 6 8 5 7 74 100

1988 14 18 26 34 21 27 7 9 5 6 4 5 77 100

1989 13 14 39 41 21 22 10 11 6 6 6 6 95 100

1990 12 10 44 36 37 31 13 11 8 7 7 6 121 100

1991 10 8 34 29 42 36 18 15 6 5 8 7 118 100

1992 8 7 44 37 39 33 12 10 4 3 12 10 119 100

1993 11 11 42 41 23 23 20 20 2 2 4 4 102 100

1994 10 9 42 37 31 27 12 11 8 7 10 9 113 100

1995 9 9 34 33 32 31 12 12 4 4 11 11 102 100

1996 16 11 44 30 43 29 23 16 6 4 16 11 148 100

1997 10 8 47 36 33 25 18 14 5 4 17 13 130 100

1998 17 12 55 37 29 20 23 16 12 8 11 7 147 100

1999 13 8 60 35 46 27 26 15 11 6 17 10 173 100

2000 12 6 73 34 63 30 30 14 18 8 17 8 213 100

2001 19 8 69 31 51 23 46 21 19 8 20 9 224 100

2002 21 8 69 28 69 28 39 16 21 8 31 12 250 100

2003 22 7 83 28 73 24 49 16 43 14 31 10 301 100

2004 22 7 99 29 101 30 39 12 33 10 43 13 337 100

2005 29 9 87 26 89 26 46 14 40 12 46 14 337 100

2006 16 4 95 26 102 28 61 17 41 11 47 13 362 100

2007 17 5 79 21 116 32 60 16 60 16 36 10 368 100

2008 24 6 83 22 98 26 65 17 46 12 61 16 377 100

2009 16 5 70 21 81 24 54 16 61 18 53 16 335 100

2010 16 5 51 16 66 21 47 15 56 18 80 25 316 100

2011 10 3 47 15 74 24 54 18 54 18 66 22 305 100

2012 15 5 40 13 79 26 56 18 53 17 61 20 304 100

2013 14 4 48 15 73 23 61 19 48 15 76 24 320 100

2014 18 6 37 11 81 25 64 20 46 14 79 24 325 100

2015 19 6 42 13 72 22 52 16 45 14 94 29 324 100

*Total includes other and/or unknowns

Eight percent of fatally injured ATV riders wore helmets in 2015.

Helmet use among fatally injured ATV riders on public roads, 2015

No helmet Helmet Other/unknown Total

Number % Number % Number % Number %

Driver 239 83 29 10 19 7 287 100

Passenger 26 79 3 9 4 12 33 100

Unknown 1 25 0 0 3 75 4 100

Total 266 82 32 10 26 8 324 100

Seventy-five percent of fatally injured ATV riders were killed in crashes involving no other vehicles in 2015, compared with 48 percent of passenger vehicle occupants killed in crashes.

Crash deaths by number of involved vehicles and vehicle type, 2015

Crash type ATV riders Passenger vehicle occupants All motor vehicle deaths*

Number % Number % Number %

Single-vehicle 242 75 10,857 48 19,298 55

Multiple-vehicle 82 25 11,685 52 15,794 45

All crashes 324 100 22,542 100 35,092 100

*Total includes other and/or unknowns

Among ATV riders killed in single-vehicle crashes in 2015, 62 percent involved the ATV rolling over during the crash. This was comparable with SUVs and large trucks , but higher than cars (44 percent).

Occupant deaths in single-vehicle crashes by rollover, 2015

Rollover No rollover Total

Number % Number % Number %

ATV 151 62 91 38 242 100

Car 2,410 44 3,067 56 5,477 100

SUV 1,727 68 831 32 2,558 100

Pickup 1,532 58 1,099 42 2,631 100

Large trucks 238 68 111 32 349 100

ATV rider deaths on public roads in 2015 were highest in July. Fifty-six percent of the deaths in 2015 occurred during May-September. 

ATV rider deaths on public roads by month, 2015

Deaths %

January 15 5

February 15 5

March 21 6

April 24 7

May 27 8

June 40 12

July 44 14

August 42 13

September 30 9

October 19 6

November 27 8

December 20 6

Total 324 100

Seventy-three percent of ATV riders killed on public roads in 2015 were on rural roads. Of those, 63 percent were on minor roads.

ATV rider deaths by road type and land use, 2015

Road type Urban Rural Unknown Total

Number % Number % Number % Number %

Non-interstate major roads 10 3 26 8 0 0 36 11

Minor roads 35 11 205 63 0 0 240 74

Unknown 2 1 5 2 40 12 47 15

Interstates and freeways 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0

Total 48 15 236 73 40 12 324 100

In 2015, 50 percent of fatally injured ATV drivers on public roads had BACs at or above 0.08 percent. Impairment was highest, at 63 percent, among fatally injured ATV drivers ages 40-49. 

Estimated number and percent of fatally injured ATV drivers with high BACs on public roads by age, 2015

Age Deaths Estimated deaths with BACs ≥ 0.08 Estimated deaths with BACs ≥ 0.15

Number Number % Number %

20 32 5 16 3 8

20-29 69 41 60 24 35

30-39 50 26 52 14 27

40-49 50 32 63 26 53

50+ 56 24 42 21 37

Total 257 128 50 88 34

References

1 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. 2016. Traffic safety facts, 2014: motorcycles. Report no. DOT HS-812-292. Washington, DC: US Department of Transportation.

2 Deutermann, W. 2004. Motorcycle helmet effectiveness revisited. Report no. DOT HS-809-715. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

3 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. 2008. Traffic safety facts, laws: motorcycle helmet use laws. Report no. DOT HS-810-887W. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation.

SOURCE: http://www.iihs.org/iihs/topics/t/motorcycles/fatalityfacts/motorcycles/2015

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Vance & Hines Announces Top Fuel Harley Team for 2018

Vance & Hines is proud to announce a return to Top Fuel racing with rider Doug Vancil and tuner Mike Romine to compete in the Mickey Thompson Tires Top Fuel Harley category of the 2018 NHRA Mello Yello Drag Racing Series. The championship will expand to 10 events for the 2018 season with the nitro-burning Harleys kicking-off the season at the Winternationals in Pomona, February 8-11. The new championship class will also mean that the Top...
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Vance & Hines Announces Top Fuel Harley Team for 2018Vance & Hines is proud to announce a return to Top Fuel racing with rider Doug Vancil and tuner Mike Romine to compete in the Mickey Thompson Tires Top Fuel Harley category of the 2018 NHRA Mello Yello Drag Racing Series. The championship will expand to 10 events for the 2018 season with the nitro-burning Harleys kicking-off the season at the Winternationals in Pomona, February 8-11. The new championship class will also mean that the Top Fuel Harleys will run alongside the Pro Stock Bike category at both the Gatornationals and the Harley’s season finale at the US Nationals on Labor Day weekend.The 2018 team will see Vance & Hines reunite with longtime rider Doug Vancil, with whom the team amassed a dominating six Top Fuel Harley championships. “I can’t wait until we start running! We have a fast bike and with Mike Romine tuning, I think we are really going to be a top runner in the class,” stated Doug on the announcement of the team. Mike Romine brings four decades of experience building, racing and winning on nitro Harleys. “I’m very excited to see the Vance & Hines name on the bike,” remarked Mike, “and really looking forward to working with Terry Vance and Doug in the upcoming season.”“The NHRA has done a great job of developing the Harley class to create a new two-wheeled championship category in the Mello Yello Drag Racing Series,” said Vance & Hines founder, Terry Vance. “And bringing together two of the biggest names in Top Fuel in Doug and Mike, I couldn’t be more enthused about getting the season started.”See the full report at http://bit.ly/2ri9XQo

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